The names and designations of the stars

All tutorials about Celestia go in here. For Celestia itself, add-ons, textures, scripting, etc.
Avatar
Topic author
Croc M
Forum Admin
Posts: 438
Joined: 10.08.2016
With us: 2 years 8 months
Location: Udomlya, Tver region, Russia

The names and designations of the stars

Post #1by Croc » 12.09.2016, 23:34

This is not a textbook. This pilot study starnames.dat (and other) files:

Image

If you click the star with the mouse, the top screen displays the names and designations of this star.
Red line is shown what is extracted from starnames.dat file, including the Hipparcos catalog number.
Yellow trait shows similar values from the catalog Henry Draper Catalogue (HD) and the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory Star Catalog (SAO)

You can find a star in the window "Target name"...
You can find a star in the window "Star Browser"...

And how to be if you badly speak English?
What is there to do, if "Star browser" shows only 500 stars, and sorting by name does not work?
Celestia can be translated into 29 languages, may switch in their native language (Russian)?:

Image

Benefit from this no!

I've got a great idea!

To be continued...
Last edited by Croc on 14.09.2016, 17:22, edited 1 time in total.
Creator of the GUI "Lua Universal Tools"
25/V/1947 - 30/III/2019

Avatar
Topic author
Croc M
Forum Admin
Posts: 438
Joined: 10.08.2016
With us: 2 years 8 months
Location: Udomlya, Tver region, Russia

Post #2by Croc » 13.09.2016, 05:20

Image

In top line, there are three innovations. Consider novation # 1.

For reference:
Aql - Shorthand notation of the constellation Aquila.
? Aql - A Bayer designation.
53 Aql - Flamsteed designation.

Aql 53 ? - Combined designation stars (novation # 1).

Note. If in the search box enter the designation constellation (eg, Aql), then will be selected all the stars of the constellation (Aquila).

To be continued.
Creator of the GUI "Lua Universal Tools"
25/V/1947 - 30/III/2019

Avatar
Topic author
Croc M
Forum Admin
Posts: 438
Joined: 10.08.2016
With us: 2 years 8 months
Location: Udomlya, Tver region, Russia

Post #3by Croc » 13.09.2016, 12:40

Novation # 2 could be helpful for those to whom English is not their native language. This is an alternative name in the native language (in this case, Russian):

Image

Note: When searching a star sign entering * (asterisk) are selected by all the names in their native language (in this case, Russian.)
At the end of the name blank space and Greek letter (see. Bayer designation) or numbers (see. Flamsteed designation).

To be continued.
Last edited by Croc on 14.09.2016, 15:53, edited 2 times in total.
Creator of the GUI "Lua Universal Tools"
25/V/1947 - 30/III/2019

Avatar
Topic author
Croc M
Forum Admin
Posts: 438
Joined: 10.08.2016
With us: 2 years 8 months
Location: Udomlya, Tver region, Russia

Post #4by Croc » 13.09.2016, 15:32

Novation # 3 can be useful to all users. It is designed for the literal translation of the name of the stars in their native language or to comment.

Image

Note: When searching for input = (equal sign) selects all comments (literal translation) in their native language (in this case, Russian.)

To be continued.
Creator of the GUI "Lua Universal Tools"
25/V/1947 - 30/III/2019

Avatar
Topic author
Croc M
Forum Admin
Posts: 438
Joined: 10.08.2016
With us: 2 years 8 months
Location: Udomlya, Tver region, Russia

Post #5by Croc » 13.09.2016, 20:18

Novation # 4 -
Various sequence alternate names of the stars. For this purpose it is necessary to create three options starnames.dat
starnames.dat - existing file.
starnames_en.dat - alternate file name on the first place in Latin script
starnames_ru.dat - alternate file on the first place the name a Cyrillic (or other native language)
starnames_BF.dat - alternate file on the first place Bayer or Flamsteed designation.

Managing these files using celestia.cfg:

Code: Select all

#------------------------------------------------------------------------
  StarDatabase                 "data/stars.dat"
  StarNameDatabase             "data/starnames.dat"
 # StarNameDatabase             "data/starnames_en.dat"
 # StarNameDatabase             "data/starnames_ru.dat"
 # StarNameDatabase             "data/starnames_BF.dat"
...........................................................................

Image

Code: Select all

#------------------------------------------------------------------------
  StarDatabase                 "data/stars.dat"
 # StarNameDatabase             "data/starnames.dat"
  StarNameDatabase             "data/starnames_en.dat"
 # StarNameDatabase             "data/starnames_ru.dat"
 # StarNameDatabase             "data/starnames_BF.dat"
...........................................................................

Image

Code: Select all

#------------------------------------------------------------------------
  StarDatabase                 "data/stars.dat"
 # StarNameDatabase             "data/starnames.dat"
 # StarNameDatabase             "data/starnames_en.dat"
  StarNameDatabase             "data/starnames_ru.dat"
 # StarNameDatabase             "data/starnames_BF.dat"
...........................................................................

Image

Code: Select all

#------------------------------------------------------------------------
  StarDatabase                 "data/stars.dat"
 # StarNameDatabase             "data/starnames.dat"
 # StarNameDatabase             "data/starnames_en.dat"
 # StarNameDatabase             "data/starnames_ru.dat"
  StarNameDatabase             "data/starnames_BF.dat"
...........................................................................

Image
Creator of the GUI "Lua Universal Tools"
25/V/1947 - 30/III/2019

Avatar
Topic author
Croc M
Forum Admin
Posts: 438
Joined: 10.08.2016
With us: 2 years 8 months
Location: Udomlya, Tver region, Russia

Post #6by Croc » 14.09.2016, 12:48

Novation # 5:

For reference:
Number of stars in starnames.dat file - 3380 звезд. Из них:
proper names - 284 (2.6%)
names with astronomical catalogs -101
only the names with Bayer codes and / or Flamsteed - 2995

Additional names have been found:

New statistics:
with Arabic names - 333
with Latin names - 95
with Greek names - 42
with other names - 69
stars with the names of people- 93
only the names with Bayer codes and / or Flamsteed - 2211

Novation # 6:

In starnames.dat file there are a few stars from the Chinese names?:
  • 4427:Tsih:GAM Cas:27 Cas
  • 27810:Tsze:LAM Col
  • 48774:Tseen Ke:PHI Vel
  • 55642:Tsze Tseang:IOT Leo:78 Leo
  • 73334:Ke Kwan:KAP Cen
  • 85792:Tchou:Choo:ALF Ara
  • 97433:Kin Yu:Tyl:EPS Dra:63 Dra

I wrote a letter Hanghang (Full name: ?? Yin Yehang) - the author of the translation into Chinese "Celestia User's Guide."
From China Hanghang sent me "A Chinese Star Catalogue with Possible Proper Translations" ~ 3300 stars !!!
Thanks to this, in 535 nameless stars have its own Chinese name.

Novation # 7 - A string of alternative names for the Chinese star.:

Image

Almost all stars have a Chinese name. The new outline of the constellation 'Coma Berenices "resemble the Chinese character.

Note. To the Russian version of the name star:
At the end of the name is put ~ (tilde) and Greek letter (see. Bayer designation) or numbers (see. Flamsteed designation).

To be continued...
Creator of the GUI "Lua Universal Tools"
25/V/1947 - 30/III/2019

Avatar
Topic author
Croc M
Forum Admin
Posts: 438
Joined: 10.08.2016
With us: 2 years 8 months
Location: Udomlya, Tver region, Russia

Post #7by Croc » 14.09.2016, 19:04

Now examine the following files:
nearstars.stc - Nearby stars and star out to 25 light years, supplementary to Celestia's stars.dat.
visualbins.stc - Orbits of visual binaries for Celestia
spectbins.stc - Orbits of spectroscopic binaries for Celestia

Each file we transform similarly sratnames (* _en.stc, * _ru.stc, * BF.stc)

Novation # 8 - ** (Two stars) - barycenters

Here, from the stars do barycenters, for example:
In starnames_en.dat file has a star HIP 677 (Alpheratz):

Code: Select all

677:Alpheratz:*Альферац ?:=пуп коня:Sirrah:*Сиррах ?:ALF And:21 And:And 21 ?

In visualbins_en.stc file it becomes the barycenter:

Code: Select all

Barycenter 677 "**Alpheratz:Alpheratz:**Альферац:Sirrah:**Сиррах:ADS 94 a:CCDM J00083+2905A:ALF And:21 And:And 21 ?"

Note: If you enter ** (two stars), all barycenters are selected the search box:
Image
Creator of the GUI "Lua Universal Tools"
25/V/1947 - 30/III/2019

Avatar
Topic author
Croc M
Forum Admin
Posts: 438
Joined: 10.08.2016
With us: 2 years 8 months
Location: Udomlya, Tver region, Russia

Post #8by Croc » 15.09.2016, 04:08

In extrasolar.stc also have novation, but it concerns a small number of names. On this novation will be told in other classes of objects.
Overall statistics star names.

Image
Creator of the GUI "Lua Universal Tools"
25/V/1947 - 30/III/2019

Avatar
Topic author
Croc M
Forum Admin
Posts: 438
Joined: 10.08.2016
With us: 2 years 8 months
Location: Udomlya, Tver region, Russia

Post #9by Croc » 15.09.2016, 06:07

Collection of star bases will consist of the following files:
  • stars.dat (100K / 1M / 2M)
  • starnames.dat
  • starnames_en.dat
  • starnames_ru.dat
  • starnames_BF.dat
  • nearstars.stc
  • nearstars_en.stc
  • nearstars_ru.stc
  • nearstars_BF.stc
  • spectbins.stc
  • spectbins.stc
  • spectbins_en.stc
  • spectbins_ru.stc
  • spectbins_BF.stc
  • visualbins.stc
  • visualbins_en.stc
  • visualbins_ru.stc
  • visualbins_BF.stc
  • extrasolar.stc
Additional and auxiliary files:
  • asterisms.dat
  • boundaries.dat
  • charm2.stc
  • revised.stc
  • extrasolar.stc
  • hdxindex.dat
  • saoxindex.dat
Collection starbase requires changes in celestia.cfg:
  • A new folder named "catalogs"
  • Subfolder named "stars"
  • Subfolder named "locs"
  • The new edition celestia.cfg

Spoiler
#------------------------------------------------------------------------
StarDatabase "catalogs/stars/stars.dat"

# StarNameDatabase "catalogs/stars/starnames.dat"
StarNameDatabase "catalogs/stars/starnames_en.dat"
# StarNameDatabase "catalogs/stars/starnames_ru.dat"
# StarNameDatabase "catalogs/stars/starnames_BF.dat"

StarCatalogs [ "catalogs/stars/revised.stc"
"catalogs/stars/extrasolar.stc"

# "catalogs/stars/nearstars.stc"
# "catalogs/stars/visualbins.stc"
# "catalogs/stars/spectbins.stc"

"catalogs/stars/nearstars_en.stc"
"catalogs/stars/visualbins_en.stc"
"catalogs/stars/spectbins_en.stc"

# "catalogs/stars/nearstars_ru.stc"
# "catalogs/stars/visualbins_ru.stc"
# "catalogs/stars/spectbins_ru.stc"

# "catalogs/stars/nearstars_BF.stc"
# "catalogs/stars/visualbins_BF.stc"
# "catalogs/stars/spectbins_BF.stc"

"catalogs/stars/charm2.stc" ]

HDCrossIndex "catalogs/stars/hdxindex.dat"
SAOCrossIndex "catalogs/stars/saoxindex.dat"
GlieseCrossIndex "catalogs/stars/gliesexindex.dat"

SolarSystemCatalogs [ "catalogs/solarsys.ssc"
"catalogs/asteroids.ssc"
"catalogs/comets.ssc"
"catalogs/outersys.ssc"
"catalogs/minormoons.ssc"
"catalogs/numberedmoons.ssc"
"catalogs/extrasolar.ssc"
"catalogs/locs/eros_locs.ssc"
"catalogs/locs/gaspra_locs.ssc"
"catalogs/locs/ida_locs.ssc"
"catalogs/locs/itokawa_locs.ssc"
"catalogs/locs/merc_locs.ssc"
"catalogs/locs/venus_locs.ssc"
"catalogs/locs/earth_locs.ssc"
"catalogs/locs/mars_locs.ssc"
"catalogs/locs/moon_locs.ssc"
"catalogs/locs/marsmoons_locs.ssc"
"catalogs/locs/jupitermoons_locs.ssc"
"catalogs/locs/saturnmoons_locs.ssc"
"catalogs/locs/uranusmoons_locs.ssc"
"catalogs/locs/neptunemoons_locs.ssc"
"catalogs/locs/ring_locs.ssc"
"catalogs/locs/world-capitals.ssc" ]


DeepSkyCatalogs [ "catalogs/galaxies.dsc"
"catalogs/globulars.dsc"
"catalogs/nebulae.dsc"
"catalogs/open_clusters.dsc"]

AsterismsFile "catalogs/stars/asterisms.dat"
BoundariesFile "catalogs/stars/boundaries.dat"
Creator of the GUI "Lua Universal Tools"
25/V/1947 - 30/III/2019


Return to “Tutorials”

Who is online